Identity and access management (IAM) is about defining and managing the roles and access privileges of individual network users and the circumstances in which users are granted (or denied) those privileges. Those users might be customers (customer identity management) or employees (employee identity management). The core objective of IAM systems is one digital identity per individual.
An Identity and access management (IAM) system is designed to be a single solution for managing user access and permissions within an organization’s environment. In an IAM system, each user is provisioned with a digital identity and a collection of permissions based upon their role and business needs. After these roles and permissions are assigned for a particular user, all future access requests pass through the IAM system, which approves or denies the request based upon the assigned permissions.
An IAM system is an identity-centric security solution. Some of the core components of an IAM system include:
While IAM systems can be used for managing access to any digital system, the growth of cloud computing has made support for cloud infrastructure a critical component of an IAM solution.
A cloud identity and access management solution includes the following features:
In addition to providing core functionality, IAM solutions are also a crucial component of a corporate regulatory compliance strategy. The solutions should not only meet the requirements for PCI DSS compliance and those of other applicable regulations but also support efforts to demonstrate compliance during audits.
IAM solutions can be applied to a variety of different use cases. Beyond managing employee access to corporate systems and applications, some common applications of IAM include:
An IAM system is a core component of an organization’s cybersecurity infrastructure. If the security of this system is broken, unauthorized users can gain access to legitimate accounts or legitimate users can abuse their access.
Check Point’s IAM security solution provides a number of different features to help secure an organization’s IAM infrastructure, such as:
Check Point’s IAM security solution is an essential component of a cloud security strategy. To learn more about cloud security threats and challenges, check out Check Point’s 2020 Cloud Security Report. Then, to find out how to implement security in the cloud, download the Cloud Security Blueprint. You’re also welcome to try out Check Point’s cloud security solutions for yourself with a free trial.